The Relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences and Recidivism in a Sample of Juvenile Offenders in Community-Based Treatment

Kevin T. Wolff, Michael T. Baglivio, Alex R. Piquero

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66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been identified as a key risk factor for a range of negative life outcomes, including delinquency. Much less is known about how exposure to negative experiences relates to continued offending among juvenile offenders. In this study, we examine the effect of ACEs on recidivism in a large sample of previously referred youth from the State of Florida who were followed for 1 year after participation in community-based treatment. Results from a series of Cox hazard models suggest that ACEs increase the risk of subsequent arrest, with a higher prevalence of ACEs leading to a shorter time to recidivism. The relationship between ACEs and recidivism held quite well in demographic-specific analyses. Implications for empirical research on the long-term effects of traumatic childhood events and juvenile justice policy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1210-1242
Number of pages33
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Volume61
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adverse childhood experiences
  • juvenile offenders
  • recidivism

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