The Rare Anaphylaxis-Associated FcγRIIa3 Exhibits Distinct Characteristics From the Canonical FcγRIIa1

Jessica C Anania, Halina Trist, Catherine Palmer, Peck Szee Tan, Betty Kouskousis, Alicia Chenoweth, Stephen Kent, Graham Mackay, Alberta Hoi, Rachel Koelmeyer, Charlotte A. Slade, Vanessa L. Bryant, Phillip D. Hodgkin, Pei Mun Aui, Menno van Zelm, Bruce David Wines, Phillip Mark Hogarth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

FcγRIIa is an activating FcγR, unique to humans and non-human primates. It induces antibody-dependent proinflammatory responses and exists predominantly as FcγRIIa1. A unique splice variant, we designated FcγRIIa3, has been reported to be associated with anaphylactic reactions to intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) therapy. We aim to define the functional consequences of this FcγRIIa variant associated with adverse responses to IVIg therapy and evaluate the frequency of associated SNPs. FcγRIIa forms from macaque and human PBMCs were investigated for IgG-subclass specificity, biochemistry, membrane localization, and functional activity. Disease-associated SNPs were analyzed by sequencing genomic DNA from 224 individuals with immunodeficiency or autoimmune disease. FcγRIIa3 was identified in macaque and human PBMC. The FcγRIIa3 is distinguished from the canonical FcγRIIa1 by a unique 19-amino acid cytoplasmic insertion and these two FcγRIIa forms responded distinctly to antibody ligation. Whereas FcγRIIa1 was rapidly internalized, FcγRIIa3 was retained longer at the membrane, inducing greater calcium mobilization and cell degranulation. Four FCGR2A SNPs were identified including the previously reported intronic SNP associated with anaphylaxis, but in only 1 of 224 individuals. The unique cytoplasmic element of FcγRIIa3 delays internalization and is associated with enhanced cellular activation. The frequency of the immunodeficiency-associated SNP varies between disease populations but interestingly occurred at a lower frequency than previously reported. None-the-less enhanced FcγRIIa3 function may promote a proinflammatory environment and predispose to pathological inflammatory responses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1809
Number of pages13
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • common variable immunodeficiency
  • Fc receptors
  • immune complex
  • immunodeficiency
  • non-human primates
  • systemic lupus erythematosus

Cite this

Anania, Jessica C ; Trist, Halina ; Palmer, Catherine ; Tan, Peck Szee ; Kouskousis, Betty ; Chenoweth, Alicia ; Kent, Stephen ; Mackay, Graham ; Hoi, Alberta ; Koelmeyer, Rachel ; Slade, Charlotte A. ; Bryant, Vanessa L. ; Hodgkin, Phillip D. ; Aui, Pei Mun ; van Zelm, Menno ; Wines, Bruce David ; Hogarth, Phillip Mark. / The Rare Anaphylaxis-Associated FcγRIIa3 Exhibits Distinct Characteristics From the Canonical FcγRIIa1. In: Frontiers in Immunology. 2018 ; Vol. 9.
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abstract = "FcγRIIa is an activating FcγR, unique to humans and non-human primates. It induces antibody-dependent proinflammatory responses and exists predominantly as FcγRIIa1. A unique splice variant, we designated FcγRIIa3, has been reported to be associated with anaphylactic reactions to intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) therapy. We aim to define the functional consequences of this FcγRIIa variant associated with adverse responses to IVIg therapy and evaluate the frequency of associated SNPs. FcγRIIa forms from macaque and human PBMCs were investigated for IgG-subclass specificity, biochemistry, membrane localization, and functional activity. Disease-associated SNPs were analyzed by sequencing genomic DNA from 224 individuals with immunodeficiency or autoimmune disease. FcγRIIa3 was identified in macaque and human PBMC. The FcγRIIa3 is distinguished from the canonical FcγRIIa1 by a unique 19-amino acid cytoplasmic insertion and these two FcγRIIa forms responded distinctly to antibody ligation. Whereas FcγRIIa1 was rapidly internalized, FcγRIIa3 was retained longer at the membrane, inducing greater calcium mobilization and cell degranulation. Four FCGR2A SNPs were identified including the previously reported intronic SNP associated with anaphylaxis, but in only 1 of 224 individuals. The unique cytoplasmic element of FcγRIIa3 delays internalization and is associated with enhanced cellular activation. The frequency of the immunodeficiency-associated SNP varies between disease populations but interestingly occurred at a lower frequency than previously reported. None-the-less enhanced FcγRIIa3 function may promote a proinflammatory environment and predispose to pathological inflammatory responses.",
keywords = "common variable immunodeficiency, Fc receptors, immune complex, immunodeficiency, non-human primates, systemic lupus erythematosus",
author = "Anania, {Jessica C} and Halina Trist and Catherine Palmer and Tan, {Peck Szee} and Betty Kouskousis and Alicia Chenoweth and Stephen Kent and Graham Mackay and Alberta Hoi and Rachel Koelmeyer and Slade, {Charlotte A.} and Bryant, {Vanessa L.} and Hodgkin, {Phillip D.} and Aui, {Pei Mun} and {van Zelm}, Menno and Wines, {Bruce David} and Hogarth, {Phillip Mark}",
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The Rare Anaphylaxis-Associated FcγRIIa3 Exhibits Distinct Characteristics From the Canonical FcγRIIa1. / Anania, Jessica C; Trist, Halina; Palmer, Catherine; Tan, Peck Szee; Kouskousis, Betty; Chenoweth, Alicia; Kent, Stephen; Mackay, Graham; Hoi, Alberta; Koelmeyer, Rachel; Slade, Charlotte A.; Bryant, Vanessa L.; Hodgkin, Phillip D.; Aui, Pei Mun; van Zelm, Menno; Wines, Bruce David; Hogarth, Phillip Mark.

In: Frontiers in Immunology, Vol. 9, 1809, 20.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Rare Anaphylaxis-Associated FcγRIIa3 Exhibits Distinct Characteristics From the Canonical FcγRIIa1

AU - Anania, Jessica C

AU - Trist, Halina

AU - Palmer, Catherine

AU - Tan, Peck Szee

AU - Kouskousis, Betty

AU - Chenoweth, Alicia

AU - Kent, Stephen

AU - Mackay, Graham

AU - Hoi, Alberta

AU - Koelmeyer, Rachel

AU - Slade, Charlotte A.

AU - Bryant, Vanessa L.

AU - Hodgkin, Phillip D.

AU - Aui, Pei Mun

AU - van Zelm, Menno

AU - Wines, Bruce David

AU - Hogarth, Phillip Mark

PY - 2018/8/20

Y1 - 2018/8/20

N2 - FcγRIIa is an activating FcγR, unique to humans and non-human primates. It induces antibody-dependent proinflammatory responses and exists predominantly as FcγRIIa1. A unique splice variant, we designated FcγRIIa3, has been reported to be associated with anaphylactic reactions to intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) therapy. We aim to define the functional consequences of this FcγRIIa variant associated with adverse responses to IVIg therapy and evaluate the frequency of associated SNPs. FcγRIIa forms from macaque and human PBMCs were investigated for IgG-subclass specificity, biochemistry, membrane localization, and functional activity. Disease-associated SNPs were analyzed by sequencing genomic DNA from 224 individuals with immunodeficiency or autoimmune disease. FcγRIIa3 was identified in macaque and human PBMC. The FcγRIIa3 is distinguished from the canonical FcγRIIa1 by a unique 19-amino acid cytoplasmic insertion and these two FcγRIIa forms responded distinctly to antibody ligation. Whereas FcγRIIa1 was rapidly internalized, FcγRIIa3 was retained longer at the membrane, inducing greater calcium mobilization and cell degranulation. Four FCGR2A SNPs were identified including the previously reported intronic SNP associated with anaphylaxis, but in only 1 of 224 individuals. The unique cytoplasmic element of FcγRIIa3 delays internalization and is associated with enhanced cellular activation. The frequency of the immunodeficiency-associated SNP varies between disease populations but interestingly occurred at a lower frequency than previously reported. None-the-less enhanced FcγRIIa3 function may promote a proinflammatory environment and predispose to pathological inflammatory responses.

AB - FcγRIIa is an activating FcγR, unique to humans and non-human primates. It induces antibody-dependent proinflammatory responses and exists predominantly as FcγRIIa1. A unique splice variant, we designated FcγRIIa3, has been reported to be associated with anaphylactic reactions to intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) therapy. We aim to define the functional consequences of this FcγRIIa variant associated with adverse responses to IVIg therapy and evaluate the frequency of associated SNPs. FcγRIIa forms from macaque and human PBMCs were investigated for IgG-subclass specificity, biochemistry, membrane localization, and functional activity. Disease-associated SNPs were analyzed by sequencing genomic DNA from 224 individuals with immunodeficiency or autoimmune disease. FcγRIIa3 was identified in macaque and human PBMC. The FcγRIIa3 is distinguished from the canonical FcγRIIa1 by a unique 19-amino acid cytoplasmic insertion and these two FcγRIIa forms responded distinctly to antibody ligation. Whereas FcγRIIa1 was rapidly internalized, FcγRIIa3 was retained longer at the membrane, inducing greater calcium mobilization and cell degranulation. Four FCGR2A SNPs were identified including the previously reported intronic SNP associated with anaphylaxis, but in only 1 of 224 individuals. The unique cytoplasmic element of FcγRIIa3 delays internalization and is associated with enhanced cellular activation. The frequency of the immunodeficiency-associated SNP varies between disease populations but interestingly occurred at a lower frequency than previously reported. None-the-less enhanced FcγRIIa3 function may promote a proinflammatory environment and predispose to pathological inflammatory responses.

KW - common variable immunodeficiency

KW - Fc receptors

KW - immune complex

KW - immunodeficiency

KW - non-human primates

KW - systemic lupus erythematosus

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U2 - 10.3389/fimmu.2018.01809

DO - 10.3389/fimmu.2018.01809

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Frontiers in Immunology

JF - Frontiers in Immunology

SN - 1664-3224

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