The radial basis integral equation method for solving the Helmholtz equation

Hakan Dogan, Viktor Popov, Ean Hin Ooi

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12 Citations (Scopus)


A meshless method for the solution of Helmholtz equation has been developed by using the radial basis integral equation method (RBIEM). The derivation of the integral equation used in the RBIEM is based on the fundamental solution of the Helmholtz equation, therefore domain integrals are not encountered in the method. The method exploits the advantage of placing the source points always in the centre of circular sub-domains in order to avoid singular or near-singular integrals. Three equations for two-dimensional (2D) or four for three-dimensional (3D) potential problems are required at each node. The first equation is the integral equation arising from the application of the Green's identities and the remaining equations are the derivatives of the first equation with respect to space coordinates. Radial basis function (RBF) interpolation is applied in order to obtain the values of the field variable and partial derivatives at the boundary of the circular sub-domains, providing this way the boundary conditions for solution of the integral equations at the nodes (centres of circles). The accuracy and robustness of the method has been tested on some analytical solutions of the problem. Two different RBFs have been used, namely augmented thin plate spline (ATPS) in 2D and f(R)=R 4ln(R) augmented by a second order polynomial. The latter has been found to produce more accurate results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)934-943
Number of pages10
JournalEngineering Analysis with Boundary Elements
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Eigenfrequencies
  • Helmholtz equation
  • Meshless methods
  • Multigrid
  • Radial basis functions

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