Immune evasion by rabies virus depends on targeting of the signal transducers and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) and STAT2 proteins by the viral interferon antagonist P protein, but targeting of other STAT proteins has not been investigated. Here, we find that P protein associates with activated STAT3 and inhibits STAT3 nuclear accumulation and Gp130-dependent signaling. This is the first report of STAT3 targeting by the interferon antagonist of a virus other than a paramyxovirus, indicating that STAT3 antagonism is important to a range of human-pathogenic viruses.
Lieu, K. G., Brice, A., Wiltzer, L., Hirst, B., Jans, D. A., Blondel, D., & Moseley, G. W. (2013). The rabies virus interferon antagonist P protein interacts with activated STAT3 and inhibits Gp130 receptor signaling. Journal of Virology, 87(14), 8261 - 8265. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00989-13