The question-driven dashboard: How can we design analytics interfaces aligned to teachers' inquiry?

Stanislav Pozdniakov, Roberto Martinez-Maldonado, Yi-Shan Tsai, Mutlu Cukurova, Tom Bartindale, Peter Chen, Harrison Marshall, Dan Richardson, Dragan Gasevic

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


One of the ultimate goals of several learning analytics (LA) initiatives is to close the loop and support students' and teachers' reflective practices. Although there has been a proliferation of end-user interfaces (often in the form of dashboards), various limitations have already been identified in the literature such as key stakeholders not being involved in their design, little or no account for sense-making needs, and unclear effects on teaching and learning. There has been a recent call for human-centred design practices to create LA interfaces in close collaboration with educational stakeholders to consider the learning design, and their authentic needs and pedagogical intentions. This paper addresses the call by proposing a question-driven LA design approach to ensure that end-user LA interfaces explicitly address teachers' questions. We illustrate the approach in the context of synchronous online activities, orchestrated by pairs of teachers using audio-visual and text-based tools (namely Zoom and Google Docs). This study led to the design and deployment of an open-source monitoring tool to be used in real-time by teachers when students work collaboratively in breakout rooms, and across learning spaces.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLAK 2022 Conference Proceedings, Learning Analytics for Transition, Disruption and Social Change
Subtitle of host publicationThe Twelfth International Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge
EditorsAlyssa Friend Wise, Roberto Martinex-Maldonado, Isabel Hilliger
Place of PublicationNew York NY USA
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781450395731
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventInternational Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference 2022 - Online, United States of America
Duration: 21 Mar 202225 Mar 2022
Conference number: 12th (Proceedings)


ConferenceInternational Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference 2022
Abbreviated titleLAK22
Country/TerritoryUnited States of America
Internet address


  • CSCL
  • dashboard
  • human-centred design
  • inquiry-driven practice
  • learning analytics
  • online learning

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