The National Disciplinary Review was charged with reporting on the quality of the mathematics and science teacher education programs in universities and C.A.E.'s in Australia. Given the limited direct contact that such a review could have with these programs, the reviewers chose to use a grounded theory approach as much as possible. They were informed about the courses, by exit students from each of them, by official handbooks and additional explanatory information, and by data from interviews with key members of staff. These, with help from the research literature, commissioned papers and particularly the practices encountered during the visits to institutions, enabled descriptions and some criteria of quality practice to be developed.