The Prevalence of Self-Reported Stroke in the Australian National Eye Health Survey

Stuart Keel, Joshua Foreman, Jing Xie, Hugh R. Taylor, Mohamed Dirani

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Background and Purpose The study aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for self-reported stroke in Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Research Design and Methods In this national eye study, 1738 Indigenous Australians (41.1% male) aged 40-92 years and 3098 non-Indigenous Australians (46.4% male) aged 50-98 years from 30 randomly selected sites, stratified by remoteness, were recruited and examined. Sociodemographic information and a history of stroke, diabetes, and ocular health were obtained using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Results The crude prevalence of self-reported stroke was 5.04% (156 of 3098, 95% confidence interval: 4.29%-5.87%) for non-Indigenous Australians and 8.75% (152 of 1738, 95% confidence interval: 7.46%-10.17%) for Indigenous Australians (P <.0001). The age-adjusted prevalence of self-reported stroke for non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australians was 4.23% and 12.72%, respectively. The prevalence of stroke increased significantly with age for both Indigenous (odds ratio = 1.06 per year, P ≤.001) and non-Indigenous Australians (odds ratio = 1.04 per year, P ≤.001), with the Indigenous prevalence being higher than that of the non-Indigenous group at every age. Conclusions The prevalence of self-reported stroke was 3 times higher in Indigenous Australians than in non-Indigenous Australians. This disparity is consistent with previous reports, highlighting the need for intensified prevention and support services to reduce the burden of stroke on Indigenous Australians.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1433-1439
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • National Eye Health Survey
  • population-health
  • Self-reported prevalence
  • stroke

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