The PRESIDE (PhaRmacogEnomicS In DEpression) Trial: a double-blind randomised controlled trial of pharmacogenomic-informed prescribing of antidepressants on depression outcomes in patients with major depressive disorder in primary care

Sibel Saya, Patty Chondros, Anastasia Abela, Cathrine Mihalopolous, Mary Lou Chatterton, Jane Gunn, Timothy F. Chen, Thomas M. Polasek, Elise Dettmann, Rachel Brooks, Michelle King, Luke Spencer, Pavithran Alphonse, Shakira Milton, Georgia Ramsay, Zoe Siviour, Jamie Liew, Philip Ly, Matthew Thoenig, Raushaan SeychellFloriana La Rocca, Luke B. Hesson, Nydia Mejias, Terri Sivertsen, Melanie Anne Galea, Chad Bousman, Jon Emery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The evidence for the clinical utility of pharmacogenomic (PGx) testing is growing, and guidelines exist for the use of PGx testing to inform prescribing of 13 antidepressants. Although previous randomised controlled trials of PGx testing for antidepressant prescribing have shown an association with remission of depression in clinical psychiatric settings, few trials have focused on the primary care setting, where most antidepressant prescribing occurs. Methods: The PRESIDE Trial is a stratified double-blinded randomised controlled superiority trial that aims to evaluate the impact of a PGx-informed antidepressant prescribing report (compared with standard prescribing using the Australian Therapeutic Guidelines) on depressive symptoms after 12 weeks, when delivered in primary care. Six hundred seventy-two patients aged 18–65 years of general practitioners (GPs) in Victoria with moderate to severe depressive symptoms, measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), will be randomly allocated 1:1 to each arm using a computer-generated sequence. Participants and GPs will be blinded to the study arm. The primary outcome is a difference between arms in the change of depressive symptoms, measured using the PHQ-9 after 12 weeks. Secondary outcomes include a difference between the arms in change in PHQ-9 score at 4, 8 and 26 weeks, proportion in remission at 12 weeks, a change in side effect profile of antidepressant medications, adherence to antidepressant medications, change in quality of life and cost-effectiveness of the intervention. Discussion: This trial will provide evidence as to whether PGx-informed antidepressant prescribing is clinically efficacious and cost-effective. It will inform national and international policy and guidelines about the use of PGx to select antidepressants for people with moderate to severe depressive symptoms presenting in primary care. Trial registration: Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trial Registry ACTRN12621000181808. Registered on 22 February 2021.

Original languageEnglish
Article number342
Number of pages18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Antidepressants
  • General practice
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Mental health
  • Pharmacogenomics
  • Primary care
  • Randomised controlled trial

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