The physiological linkage between molar inclination and dental macrowear pattern

Gregorio Oxilia, Eugenio Bortolini, Sergio Martini, Andrea Papini, Marco Boggioni, Laura Buti, Carla Figus, Rita Sorrentino, Grant Townsend, John Kaidonis, Luca Fiorenza, Emanuela Cristiani, Ottmar Kullmer, Jacopo Moggi-Cecchi, Stefano Benazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Exact symmetry and perfect balance between opposite jaw halves, as well as between antagonistic teeth, is not frequently observed in natural masticatory systems. Research results show that asymmetry in our body, skull, and jaws is often related to genetic, epigenetic, environmental and individual ontogenetic factors. Our study aims to provide evidence for a significant link between masticatory asymmetry and occlusal contact between antagonist teeth by testing the hypothesis that tooth inclination is one of the mechanisms driving the distribution of wear in masticatory phases in addition to cultural and dietary habits .
Materials and Methods: The present work investigates the relationship between dental macrowear patterns and tooth inclinations on a sample of complete maxillary and mandibular 3D models of dental arches from 19 young and adult Yuendumu Aboriginal individuals. The analysis was carried out on first molars (M1) from all quadrants. Occlusal Fingerprint Analysis was used for the analysis of macrowear patterns, and 2D cross-sectional geometric analysis was carried out to investigate asymmetry in dental arches.
Results: The asymmetry is highly variable on both arches, and it is associated with differences in the inclination of upper M1 crowns. Each molar has variable inclination (buccal/lingual) which influence tooth to tooth contact, producing greater or lesser variation in wear pattern. Inter-individual variability of morphological variation of the occlusal relationship has to be considered in macrowear analysis.
Discussion: Our results suggest that overall asymmetry in the masticatory apparatus of modern humans affects occlusal contact areas between opposing teeth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)941-951
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume166
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • asymmetry
  • dental function
  • palatal arch
  • swallowing
  • tooth wear

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