The people or the place? An analysis of the protective factors of hate crime in multiethnic neighbourhoods in Australia

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Hate crime creates significant problems for individual victims and the social fabric of a community more broadly. Victimisation is most likely to occur around the victim's own neighbourhood, yet few studies examine how the neighbourhood context influences hate crime. This study uses data from the Australian Community Capacity Study involving 4,400 participants in 148 neighbourhoods in Brisbane. It examines whether it is characteristics of place (such as attitudes toward diversity, place attachment and social cohesion) that reduce hate crime, or whether it is interactions with fellow residents (such as frequency of neighbourly exchanges, number of friends, and number of acquaintances in the neighbourhood) that shelter residents from hate crime. Results demonstrate that characteristics of a place provide important protective factors against hate crime in the neighbourhood, rather than the number of social-interactions between residents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-172
Number of pages16
JournalAustralian Journal of Social Issues
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • ethnicity
  • hate crime
  • neighbourhood
  • race
  • victimization

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