The occurrence of phosphorus and other impurities in Australian iron ores

C. M. Macrae, N. C. Wilson, M. I. Pownceby, P. R. Miller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearch

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The characterisation of high-P iron ores by fi eld emission gun electron probe microanalyser (FEGEPMA) was carried out to determine elemental associations in iron oxides sensus lato and, using this knowledge, to speculate on possible P incorporation mechanisms in goethite. Quantitative data was collected from two goethite-rich bulk ores and results showed that in both samples goethite was the main repository for phosphorus. The P-rich goethite also contained elevated levels of both aluminium and silicon. To understand the mechanism of P incorporation in goethite, high-P grains were located by coarse mapping of polished blocks with the FEG-EPMA. Analysis of element distribution maps collected on the P-rich grains showed that low-P regions within grains were typically associated with low-Al and high-Si, whereas high-P regions were associated with high-Al and low-Si. Based on follow-up quantitative analyses, a coupled substitution mechanism for phosphorus incorporation within goethite was proposed: 2Si 4+ = 1P 5+ + 1Al 3+. Additional quantitative analyses on further examples indicated the mechanism was only valid for Si contents in goethite of <1 wt per cent. Preliminary transmission electron microscope (TEM) studies confi rmed the presence of P, Al and Si in goethite.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIron Ore 2011
Subtitle of host publication11-13 July 2011, Perth, Western Australia : Proceedings
Place of PublicationCarlton South, Vic, Australia
PublisherAustralasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM)
Pages281-289
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9781921522437
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventIron Ore Conference 2011: Meeting Growing Demand - Pan Pacific Hotel, Perth, Australia
Duration: 11 Jul 201113 Jul 2011
http://www.ausimm.com.au/ironore2011/home.asp

Conference

ConferenceIron Ore Conference 2011
CountryAustralia
CityPerth
Period11/07/1113/07/11
Internet address

Cite this

Macrae, C. M., Wilson, N. C., Pownceby, M. I., & Miller, P. R. (2011). The occurrence of phosphorus and other impurities in Australian iron ores. In Iron Ore 2011: 11-13 July 2011, Perth, Western Australia : Proceedings (pp. 281-289). Carlton South, Vic, Australia: Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM).
Macrae, C. M. ; Wilson, N. C. ; Pownceby, M. I. ; Miller, P. R. / The occurrence of phosphorus and other impurities in Australian iron ores. Iron Ore 2011: 11-13 July 2011, Perth, Western Australia : Proceedings. Carlton South, Vic, Australia : Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM), 2011. pp. 281-289
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Macrae, CM, Wilson, NC, Pownceby, MI & Miller, PR 2011, The occurrence of phosphorus and other impurities in Australian iron ores. in Iron Ore 2011: 11-13 July 2011, Perth, Western Australia : Proceedings. Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM), Carlton South, Vic, Australia, pp. 281-289, Iron Ore Conference 2011, Perth, Australia, 11/07/11.

The occurrence of phosphorus and other impurities in Australian iron ores. / Macrae, C. M.; Wilson, N. C.; Pownceby, M. I.; Miller, P. R.

Iron Ore 2011: 11-13 July 2011, Perth, Western Australia : Proceedings. Carlton South, Vic, Australia : Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM), 2011. p. 281-289.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearch

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AB - The characterisation of high-P iron ores by fi eld emission gun electron probe microanalyser (FEGEPMA) was carried out to determine elemental associations in iron oxides sensus lato and, using this knowledge, to speculate on possible P incorporation mechanisms in goethite. Quantitative data was collected from two goethite-rich bulk ores and results showed that in both samples goethite was the main repository for phosphorus. The P-rich goethite also contained elevated levels of both aluminium and silicon. To understand the mechanism of P incorporation in goethite, high-P grains were located by coarse mapping of polished blocks with the FEG-EPMA. Analysis of element distribution maps collected on the P-rich grains showed that low-P regions within grains were typically associated with low-Al and high-Si, whereas high-P regions were associated with high-Al and low-Si. Based on follow-up quantitative analyses, a coupled substitution mechanism for phosphorus incorporation within goethite was proposed: 2Si 4+ = 1P 5+ + 1Al 3+. Additional quantitative analyses on further examples indicated the mechanism was only valid for Si contents in goethite of <1 wt per cent. Preliminary transmission electron microscope (TEM) studies confi rmed the presence of P, Al and Si in goethite.

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Macrae CM, Wilson NC, Pownceby MI, Miller PR. The occurrence of phosphorus and other impurities in Australian iron ores. In Iron Ore 2011: 11-13 July 2011, Perth, Western Australia : Proceedings. Carlton South, Vic, Australia: Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM). 2011. p. 281-289