This chapter explores the complexities of the prescriptive-descriptive divide as revealed in three dictionaries from the early to late Modern English period. Lexicographers had not yet arrived at the idea that dictionaries should include all words; hence, those they chose to record in permanent form are telling. Also informative is their application of symbols to certain entries. No doubt this notation was informing readers these words were to be treated differently in some way. Yet, these lexicographers did not seem interested in expunging the entries – and they were certainly not advocating an invariable language. Their aims were more to guide readers in their choice of words and to outline different stylistic choices. Echoing David Crystal (2006a: 106) and linguistic wisdom today, “be linguistically prepared” could well have been their motto.
|Title of host publication||Processes of Change|
|Subtitle of host publication||Studies in Late Modern and Present-Day English|
|Editors||Sandra Jansen, Lucia Siebers|
|Place of Publication||Amsterdam The Netherlands|
|Publisher||John Benjamins Publishing Company|
|Number of pages||22|
|ISBN (Electronic)||978902726210 3|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
|Name||Studies in Language Variation 21|
- prescriptivism, style, dictionaries, doctrine of correctness, hard words, inkhorn terms, hothourse words, mountweazels
Burridge, K. (2019). The Obelisk and the Asterisk: views on language and change from the late modern period. In S. Jansen, & L. Siebers (Eds.), Processes of Change: Studies in Late Modern and Present-Day English (first ed., pp. 25-48). (Studies in Language Variation 21). Amsterdam The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company.