The normal chemistry of multiple stellar populations in the dense globular cluster NGC 6093 (M 80)

Eugenio Carretta, Angela Bragaglia, Raffaele Gratton, Valentina D'Orazi, Sara Lucatello, Antonio Sollima, Yazan Momany, Giovanni Catanzaro, Francesco Leone

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Abstract

We present the abundance analysis of 82 red giant branch stars in the dense, metal-poor globular cluster NGC 6093 (M 80), the largest sample of stars analysed in this way for this cluster. From high-resolution UVES spectra of 14 stars and intermediate resolution GIRAFFE spectra for the other stars we derived abundances of O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Y, Zr, Ba, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu. On our UVES metallicity scale the mean metal abundance of M 80 is [Fe/H] = −1.791 ± 0.006 ± 0.076 (±statistical ±systematic error) with σ = 0.023 (14 stars). M 80 shows star-to-star variations in proton-capture elements, and the extension of the Na-O anti-correlation perfectly fit the relations with (i) total cluster mass; (ii) horizontal branch morphology; and (iii) cluster concentration previously found by our group. The chemistry of multiple stellar populations in M 80 does not look extreme. The cluster is also a representative of halo globular clusters concerning the pattern of α-capture and Fe-group elements. However we found that a significant contribution from the s-process is required to account for the distribution of neutron-capture elements. A minority of stars in M 80 seem to exhibit slightly enhanced abundances of s-process species, compatible with those observed in M 22 and NGC 1851, although further confirmation from larger samples is required
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA116
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume578
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • stars: abundances
  • stars: Population II
  • globular clusters: general
  • globular clusters: individual: NGC 6093 (M 80)
  • stars: atmospheres

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