Anti-Leucine Glioma Inactivated 1 (LGI-1) autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is a rare neuroinflammatory brain condition. Individuals afflicted with this condition can present with cognitive and psychological manifestations that can impact the individual's quality of life, day to day functioning, independence, return to work and interpersonal relationships. Our knowledge of the cognitive profiles and disease associated psychopathology is severely lacking. This review provides a comprehensive summary of the currently available literature, conceptualising our current understanding of the neuropsychological manifestations of anti LGI-1 AE and summarises methodological limitations of the current research to inform and improve future investigations. Key Terms: Autoimmune Diseases; Neuroimmunology; Autoimmune Encephalitis, Limbic Encephalitis; Anti-LGI1 Encephalitis, LGI1; Neuropsychology, Cognitive Assessment.