The Nedd4-like Protein KIAA0439 is a Potential Regulator of the Epithelial Sodium Channel

Kieran F. Harvey, Anuwat Dinudom, David I. Cook, Sharad Kumar

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The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) plays a critical role in fluid and electrolyte homeostasis and consists of α, β, and γ subunits. The carboxyl terminus of each ENaC subunit contains a PPxY, motif which is believed to be important for interaction with the WW domains of the ubiquitin-protein ligase, Nedd4. Disruption of this interaction, as in Liddle's syndrome, where mutations delete or alter the PPxY motif of either the β or γ subunits, has been proposed to result in increased ENaC activity. Here we present evidence that KIAA0439 protein, a close relative of Nedd4, is also a potential regulator of ENaC. We demonstrate that KIAA0439 WW domains bind all three ENaC subunits. We show that a recombinant KIAA0439 WW domain protein acts as a dominant negative mutant that can interfere with the Na+-dependent feedback inhibition of ENaC in whole-cell patch clamp experiments. We propose that KIAA0439 and Nedd4 proteins either play a redundant role in ENaC regulation or function in a tissue- and/or signal-specific manner to down-regulate ENaC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8597-8601
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2001

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