The N-terminal domains of SOCS proteins: A conserved region in the disordered N-termini of SOCS4 and 5

Zhi-Ping Feng, Indu Rajmohan Chandrashekaran, Andrew Low, Terence P Speed, Sandra E Nicholson, Raymond Stanley Norton

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28 Citations (Scopus)


Suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) proteins function as negative regulators of cytokine signaling and are involved in fine tuning the immune response. The structure and role of the SH2 domains and C-terminal SOCS box motifs of the SOCS proteins are well characterized, but the long N-terminal domains of SOCS47 remain poorly understood. Here, we present bioinformatic analyses of the N-terminal domains of the mammalian SOCS proteins, which indicate that these domains of SOCS4, 5, 6, and 7 are largely disordered. We have also identified a conserved region of about 70 residues in the N-terminal domains of SOCS4 and 5 that is predicted to be more ordered than the surrounding sequence. The conservation of this region can be traced as far back as lower vertebrates. As conserved regions with increased structural propensity that are located within long disordered regions often contain molecular recognition motifs, we expressed the N-terminal conserved region of mouse SOCS4 for further analysis. This region, mSOCS486155, has been characterized by circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, both of which indicate that it is predominantly unstructured in aqueous solution, although it becomes helical in the presence of trifluoroethanol. The high degree of sequence conservation of this region across different species and between SOCS4 and SOCS5 nonetheless implies that it has an important functional role, and presumably this region adopts a more ordered conformation in complex with its partners. The recombinant protein will be a valuable tool in identifying these partners and defining the structures of these complexes. Proteins 2011. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)946 - 957
Number of pages12
JournalProteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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