The muscarinic M4 receptor is the functionally predominant subtype in rat and mouse striatum as demonstrated using [35S] GTPγS binding

Kathryn L. Chapman, Dina Vaswani, Nicola Hendry, Christopher J. Langmead, James N C Kew, Jeannette M Watson

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8 Citations (Scopus)


We have used selective muscarinic receptor antagonists and M2 and M4 receptor knockout (KO) mouse tissue to define the functional muscarinic acetylcholine receptor populations in rodent striatum. [ 3H] NMS binding studies in rat and mouse striatum demonstrated that approximately 30% of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors expressed are M 1 receptors. Radioligand binding studies suggest that the remaining muscarinic acetylcholine receptor population is largely M4 with small levels of M2. In agreement, carbachol-induced GTPγS binding studies in M2 and M4 receptor KO mouse striatum implicated the M4 receptor as the predominant functional receptor subtype. Based on these data we have developed a novel, native tissue M4 receptor [35S] GTPγS binding assay. Pharmacological assessment of M4 receptor agonist and positive 3modulators revealed clear differences in the potencies observed in a human recombinant CHO-M4 receptor [35S] GTPγS binding assay as compared to the native tissue [35S] GTPγS binding assay. These differences are believed to reflect differences in receptor reserve between the assay systems as well as differences in compound pharmacology (relative contribution of compound affinity and efficacy to observed potency). These studies have demonstrated the importance of understanding the pharmacology of test compounds in a native environment when predicting in vivo response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • GTPγS binding assay
  • Knock-out mouse
  • Muscarinic 4 receptor
  • Native tissue
  • Rat striatum

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