The Moyjil site, south-west Victoria, Australia: Stratigraphic and geomorphic context

Stephen P. Carey, John E. Sherwood, K. A.Y. Megan, Ian J. McNiven, James M. Bowler

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Shelly deposits at Moyjil (Point Ritchie, Warrnambool), Victoria, together with ages determined from a variety of techniques, have long excited interest in the possibility of a preserved early human influence in far south-eastern Australia. This paper presents a detailed analysis of the stratigraphy of the host Bridgewater Formation (Pleistocene) at Moyjil and provides the context to the shelly deposits, evidence of fire and geochronological sampling. We have identified five superposed calcarenite–palaeosol units in the Bridgewater Formation, together with two prominent erosional surfaces that may have hosted intensive human activity. Part of the sequence is overlain by the Tower Hill Tuff, previously dated as 35 ka. Coastal marine erosion during the Last Interglacial highstand created a horizontal surface on which deposits of stones and shells subsequently accumulated. Parts of the erosional surface and some of the stones are blackened, perhaps by fire. The main shell deposit was formed by probable mass flow, and additional shelly remains are dispersed in the calcareous sand that buried the surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-31
Number of pages18
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Bridgewater Formation
  • Calcarenite
  • Erosional surfaces
  • Last Interglacial
  • Palaeosol
  • Pleistocene
  • Point Ritchie

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