The morphology of precipitates in an AlGe Alloy-I. experimental observations

G. R. Hugo, B. C. Muddle

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The morphology and crystallography of Ge precipitates formed in a quenched and aged Al-4 wt% Ge alloy have been characterized using transmission electron microscopy and electron microdiffraction. Five different precipitate forms have been distinguished in a sample aged 3 h at 200°C: (i) triangular plates on {111}Al, (ii) laths parallel 〈100〈Al, (iii) rods parallel 〈110〉Al, (iv) hexagonal plates on {111}Al, and (v) small regular tetrahedra with {111}Al facets. The cube-cube orientation relationship, (111)Ge//(111)Al and [110]Ge//[110]Al, has been assocaited with three separate forms of precipitate: the triangular and hexagonal plates on (111)Al andthe tetrahedra. A second type of twinned hexagonal plate has been observed on (111)Al with an orientation relationships deviating from cube-cube by a rotation of 30° about the habit plane normal, [111]Ge. The 〈100〉Al laths have [110]Ge//[100]Al along their long axis and (111)Ge//(001)Al; the long axis is an approximately invariant line. Rods parallel to 〈110〉Al have in common a rod axis [110]Ge//[110]Al, but several orientation relationships have been detected, differing by a rotation about this axis. A summary is presented of all precipitate forms and associated orientation relationships observed in the AlGe system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-363
Number of pages13
JournalActa Metallurgica Et Materialia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1990

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