The Malay version of smartphone addiction scale: Development, factor structure and validation of a short form for malaysian adolescents

Siew Mooi Ching, Kai Wei Lee, Anne Yee, Dhashani Sivaratnam, Fan Kee Hoo, Wan Aliaa Wan Sulaiman, Mohd Hazmi Mohamed, Kit Aun Tan, Mahmoud Danaee, Norsiah Ali, Subapriya Suppiah

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: This study aimed to validate the Malay version of the short form Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS-M-SF) and to examine its psychometric properties in a cohort of pre-university adolescents. Methods: We obtained the validity and reliability evidence for the SAS-M-SF using a group of 307 pre-university students in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia with a mean age of 18.4±0.2 years (70.4% female and 29.6% male). A questionnaire containing the Malay version of Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS-M), the Malay version of the short form Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS-M-SF), and the Malay version of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT-M) was administered on the adolescents. Results: The SAS-M-SF displayed good internal consistency (Cronbach’s α=0.80). Using principle component analysis, we identified a 4-factor SAS-M-SF model. A significant correlation between the SAS-M-SF and the IAT-M was found, lending support for concurrent validity. The prevalence of smartphone addiction was 54.5% based on cut-off score of ≥36 with a sensitivity of 70.2% and a specificity of 72.5%. Conclusions: The 10-item SAS-M-SF is a valid and reliable screening tool for smartphone addiction among adolescents. The scale can help clinicians or educators design appropriate intervention and prevention programs targeting smartphone addiction in adolescents at clinical or school settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-567
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Addiction
  • Adolescents
  • Internet
  • Malaysia
  • Smartphone

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