The magnitude of HIV-1 resistance to the CCR5 antagonist maraviroc may impart a differential alteration in HIV-1 tropism for macrophages and T-cell subsets

Jacqueline Kaye Flynn, Geza Paukovics, Miranda S Moore, Anne Ellett, Lachlan Robert Gray, Renee Duncan, Hamid Salimi, Becky Jubb, Mike Westby, Damian F J Purcell, Sharon R Lewin, Benhur Lee, Melissa Churchill, Paul R Gorry, Michael John Roche

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) resistance to CCR5 antagonists, including maraviroc (MVC), results from alterations in the HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins (Env) enabling recognition of antagonist-bound CCR5. Here, we characterized tropism alterations for CD4+ T-cell subsets and macrophages by Envs from two subjects who developed MVC resistance in vivo, which displayed either relatively efficient or inefficient recognition of MVC-bound CCR5. We show that MVC-resistant Env with efficient recognition of drug-bound CCR5 displays a tropism shift for CD4+ T-cell subsets associated with increased infection of central memory T-cells and reduced infection of effector memory and transitional memory T-cells, and no change in macrophage infectivity. In contrast, MVC-resistant Env with inefficient recognition of drug-bound CCR5 displays no change in tropism for CD4+ T-cell subsets, but exhibits a significant reduction in macrophage infectivity. The pattern of HIV-1 tropism alterations for susceptible cells may therefore be variable in subjects with MVC resistance. ? 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51 - 58
Number of pages8
JournalVirology
Volume422
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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