The Light-Induced Field-Effect Solar Cell Concept – Perovskite Nanoparticle Coating Introduces Polarization Enhancing Silicon Cell Efficiency

Yusheng Wang, Zhouhui Xia, Lijia Liu, Weidong Xu, Zhongcheng Yuan, Yupeng Zhang, Henning Sirringhaus, Yeshayahu Lifshitz, Shui Tong Lee, Qiaoliang Bao, Baoquan Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solar cell generates electrical energy from light one via pulling excited carrier away under built-in asymmetry. Doped semiconductor with antireflection layer is general strategy to achieve this including crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cell. However, loss of extra energy beyond band gap and light reflection in particular wavelength range is known to hinder the efficiency of c-Si cell. Here, it is found that part of short wavelength sunlight can be converted into polarization electrical field, which strengthens asymmetry in organic-c-Si heterojunction solar cell through molecule alignment process. The light harvested by organometal trihalide perovskite nanoparticles (NPs) induces molecular alignment on a conducting polymer, which generates positive electrical surface field. Furthermore, a “field-effect solar cell” is successfully developed and implemented by combining perovskite NPs with organic/c-Si heterojunction associating with light-induced molecule alignment, which achieves an efficiency of 14.3%. In comparison, the device with the analogous structure without perovskite NPs only exhibits an efficiency of 12.7%. This finding provides a novel concept to design solar cell by sacrificing part of sunlight to provide “extra” asymmetrical field continuously as to drive photogenerated carrier toward respective contacts under direct sunlight. Moreover, it also points out a method to combine promising perovskite material with c-Si solar cell.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1606370
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume29
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2017

Keywords

  • field effect
  • light-induced
  • perovskite nanoparticles
  • polarization
  • solar cells

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