The Li-age correlation: The Sun is unusually Li deficient for its age

M. Carlos, J. Meléndez, L. Spina, L. A. Dos Santos, M. Bedell, I. Ramirez, M. Asplund, J. L. Bean, D. Yong, J. Yana Galarza, A. Alves-Brito

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Abstract

This work aims to examine in detail the depletion of lithium in solar twins to better constrain stellar evolution models and investigate its possible connection with exoplanets. We employ spectral synthesis in the region of the asymmetric 6707.75 Å Li I line for a sample of 77 stars plus the Sun. As in previous works based on a smaller sample of solar twins, we find a strong correlation between Li depletion and stellar age. In addition, for the first time we show that the Sun has the lowest Li abundance in comparison with solar twins at similar age (4.6 ± 0.5 Gyr). We compare the lithium content with the condensation temperature slope for a subsample of the best solar twins and determine that the most lithium-depleted stars also have fewer refractory elements. We speculate whether the low lithium content in the Sun might be related to the particular configuration of our Solar system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4052-4059
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume485
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Planetary systems
  • Stars: abundances
  • Stars: evolution
  • Stars: solar-type
  • Sun: abundances
  • Techniques: spectroscopic

Cite this

Carlos, M., Meléndez, J., Spina, L., Dos Santos, L. A., Bedell, M., Ramirez, I., Asplund, M., Bean, J. L., Yong, D., Yana Galarza, J., & Alves-Brito, A. (2019). The Li-age correlation: The Sun is unusually Li deficient for its age. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 485(3), 4052-4059. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz681