The intracellular and nuclear-targeted delivery of an antiandrogen drug by carrier peptides

Jason Hodoniczky, Colette G Sims, Wayne M Best, Jacqueline M Bentel, Jacqueline Anne Wilce

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Cell permeable carrier peptides are currently of interest for their potential to improve the delivery of bioactive molecules into cells and to specific cellular compartments. We have investigated the activity of a derivative of the anti-androgen drug, bicalutamide, attached to the cell-permeable carrier peptide penetratin(R). We have used both disulfide (labile) and thioether (non-labile) linkages to attach the bicalutamide derivative to the peptide in order to assess whether one type of chemistry has advantages over the other. In addition we have added a nuclear localization sequence (NLS) to the carrier peptide to investigate whether localization of the drug to the nucleus of the cell affects the activity of the drug. Biotin-labeled peptides were used to demonstrate that the carrier peptide is rapidly accumulated inside cultured cells, and that the incorporation of an NLS in the sequence results in its nuclear targeting. The bicalutamide derivative linked to carrier peptides via a disulfide-linkage exerted no greater antiproliferative effect in LNCaP cells, than the bicalutamide derivative alone. The bicalutamide derivative linked to the carrier peptide by a non-labile thioether linkage showed a similar activity profile. When the construct includes a nuclear targeting sequence, however, a markedly increased antiproliferative effect was observed. This study has thus shown that the activity of bicalutamide may be enhanced by the non-labile attachment of a cell-permeable and nuclear-targeted peptide, which has implications for the development of novel anti-androgens for the treatment of prostate cancer. (c) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Biopolymers (Pept Sci), 2008.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595 - 603
Number of pages9
JournalBiopolymers (Peptide Science)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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