Mature human apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I), comprising 57 amino acids, is the smallest member of the plasma apolipoprotein family. Amphipathic helical regions within apoC-I, common to this class of proteins, are mediators of lipid binding, a process that underlies the functional properties of apoC-I, including the capacity to activate the plasma enzyme LCAT, to disrupt apoE mediated receptor interactions and to inhibit cholesterol ester transfer protein. To examine apoC-I/phospholipid interactions, we have developed an expression system in Escherichia coli to obtain purified apoC-I with yields of approximately 4-5 mg per L of culture. The purified product has properties similar to plasma-derived apoC-I including self-association in the lipid-free state and induced α-helical content in the presence of egg-yolk phosphatidylcholine and dimyristoylglycerophosphocholine vesicles. We chose the short-chain phospholipid, dihexanoylglycerophosphocholine (Hex2Gro-PCho), to examine the interaction of apoC-I with submicellar phospholipid. Circular dichroism spectroscopy and cross-linking experiments show that apoC-I acquires helical content and remains self-associated at submicellar concentrations of Hex2Gro-PCho (4 mM). Sedimentation equilibrium studies of apoC-I at submicellar levels of Hex2Gro-PCho and analysis of the effects of apoC-I on the 1H NMR spectrum of Hex2Gro-PCho indicate micelle induction by apoC-I, and establish the capacity of apoC-I to assemble individual phospholipid molecules.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Sep 2001|
- Protein-lipid interaction
- Sedimentation equilibrium
- Submicellar phospholipid