The intention to leave among academics in Iran: an examination of their work-life quality and satisfaction

Akram Ghahramanian, Farzaneh Bagheriyeh, Parvaneh Aghajari, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Pedram Abolfathpour, Azad Rahmani, Amirreza Nabighadim, Alireza Hajieskandar

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Abstract

Background: Despite the importance of faculty retention, there is little understanding of how demographic variables, professional and institutional work-life issues, and satisfaction interact to explain faculty intentions to leave. This study aimed to investigate the intention to leave among academics and their Work-Life Quality and Satisfaction. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted by 8 faculties affiliated to Urmia University of Medical Sciences located in Urmia, West Azarbaijan province, Iran. The participants in the study were 120 faculty members from Nursing and Midwifery, Medicine, Allied health professions, and Health management and medical information faculties. The Work-Life Quality and Satisfaction scale, and the intension to leave scale were used for data collection. Uni- and multivariable linear regression analyses were employed to determine predictors of the intention to leave (P-values < 0.05). Results: The mean scores of all dimensions of Work-Life Quality and Satisfaction scale, and intention to leave were in an average level. There is a negative correlation between Work-Life Quality and Satisfaction subscales, along with demographic factors, and the intention to leave (P < 0.05), while multivariate analysis showed that work experience and Discipline were significant independent predictors of intention to leave (P < 0.05). Conclusions: In order to improve education in universities, it is necessary to pay attention to the conditions of creating job satisfaction in academics. Considering the high intention to leave among Nursing lecturers, without sufficient support of nursing schools in terms of human resources, it may suffer by the lack of academic staff; eventually the quality of education will reduce in undergraduate nursing in the long term.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43
Number of pages10
JournalBMC Nursing
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024

Keywords

  • Academic
  • Intention to leave
  • Satisfaction
  • Worklife

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