The INSPIRED study: A randomised controlled trial of the Whole Person Model of disease self-management for people with type 2 diabetes

David Murray Clarke, Donita Baird, Dinali Perera, Virginia Hagger, Helena Jane Teede

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOther

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes has increased dramatically in the last decade, and is continuing to rise. It is a chronic condition, often related to obesity, diet and sedentary lifestyles, and can lead to significant health complications, disability and early death. Diabetes is commonly associated with depression, which can impact significantly on a person s ability to manage their illness and, consequently, on disease outcomes. Disease self-management is fundamental in diabetes and requires support from multiple health professionals and the active participation of the person, including in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. The Whole Person Model was developed in order to integrate emotional and behavioural aspects into a self-management program for people with type 2 diabetes. Here we describe a study designed to test the efficacy of the Whole Person Model of disease self-management in type 2 diabetes. Methods/Design. In a parallel-group randomised trial, 180 people with type 2 diabetes of between 2-10 years duration will be recruited via invitation through the Australian National Diabetes Services Scheme. Participants will undergo baseline assessment, followed by randomisation to either intervention or control condition. Control participants will receive fact sheets containing key information about diabetes self-management. The intervention group will receive the INSPIRED (Individual Support Resources for Diabetes) Manual and be assigned a Health Coach. The INSPIRED Manual consists of six modules that provide key information about diabetes and disease management using the Whole Person Model. Engagement is facilitated by interactive tasks and contact with a Health Coach over seven weeks - an introductory face-to-face session, and six subsequent contacts by phone following each module. Follow-up assessments occur at 13 weeks (post-intervention) and 26 weeks. Primary outcomes include blood glucose management (HbA?ssub?1c?esub?), weight and mood. Secondary outcomes include level of exercise, confidence to manage diabetes, and psychosocial well-being. Discussion. The Whole Person Model is designed to enable health professionals to address mood disturbance without pathologizing any disorders and, in the context of the chronic illness, empowering behavior change and self-management. If proven effective, this model will strengthen capacity of the healthcare workforce to foster and support effective diabetes self-management.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 8
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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