The influence of subjective cognitive decline on prospective memory over 5 years

Nicolette Kamberis, Marina G. Cavuoto, Kerryn E. Pike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is an important area of research within older populations, for whom prospective memory (PM) functions as a crucial part of daily life. Little is known about change in PM, following reports of SCD. This study examines longitudinal naturalistic PM in older adults with high and low levels of SCD. METHOD: Ninety-nine community-dwelling older adults were revisited after 5 to 6 years, to examine the role of baseline SCD (measured as reported memory decline from young adulthood) on episodic and habitual PM change. Episodic PM was measured by the message task and habitual PM by a time-stamped button-pressing task across 2 weeks. RESULTS: SCD status was not associated with episodic PM, with performance declining over time across both groups, η2 = .03, 95% CI [.11, .61]. Conversely, for habitual PM, there was a significant Group × Time interaction, η2 = .07, 95% CI [-.95, -.06], with people reporting high SCD demonstrating better baseline performance and declining over time, whereas low SCD remained stable. CONCLUSIONS: Older adults with SCD demonstrated greater decline in habitual PM, suggesting these tasks may be more sensitive to the effects of SCD. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-89
Number of pages12
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

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