Samples of Ti-6 wt% Al-4wt% V and Timet 550 (Ti-4 wt% Al-4 wt% Mo2 wt% Sn-0.5 wt% Si) have been subjected to strain rates between 10-1 and 103 s-1and detailed examination of the dislocation structure in the a grains has been carried out using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). For samples deformed to a strain of 0.1 at 10 -1s-1, detailed analysis of the defects can be carried out using all diffracting vectors and the presence of (c + a) dislocations and a dislocations thus confirmed. In contrast, for samples strained to the same strain of 0.1 but at 5 s-1, it is not possible to obtain images of dislocations when using any diffracting vectors other than 0002. Thus the presence of dislocations which have a Burgers vector containing a c component can be confirmed in the samples strained at 5 s-1 but the presence of a-component dislocations can only be inferred from TEM of these samples because of the difficulty of obtaining images with diffracting vectors other than 0002. Limited observations on samples strained at 103 s -1 show that similar difficulties are found in imaging dislocations as are found in samples deformed at 5 s-1 but at this strain rate, the highest used, the difficulties are reduced since images can be obtained in some grains using diffracting vectors other than 0002. These results are discussed in terms of the nature of damage as a function of strain rate and the factors that influence contrast from dislocations in crystals.