The influence of balanced and imbalanced resource supply on biodiversity-functioning relationship across ecosystems

Aleksandra M. Lewandowska, Antje Biermann, Elizabeth T. Borer, Miguel A. Cebrián-Piqueras, Steven A J Declerck, Luc De Meester, Ellen Van Donk, Lars Gamfeldt, Daniel S. Gruner, Nicole Hagenah, W. Stanley Harpole, Kevin P. Kirkman, Christopher A. Klausmeier, Michael Kleyer, Johannes M H Knops, Pieter Lemmens, Eric M. Lind, Elena Litchman, Jasmin Mantilla-Contreras, Koen Martens & 14 others Sandra Meier, Vanessa Minden, Joslin L. Moore, Harry Olde Venterink, Eric W. Seabloom, Ulrich Sommer, Maren Striebel, Anastasia Trenkamp, Juliane Trinogga, Jotaro Urabe, Wim Vyverman, Dedmer B. Van de Waal, Claire E. Widdicombe, Helmut Hillebrand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Numerous studies show that increasing species richness leads to higher ecosystem productivity. This effect is often attributed to more efficient portioning of multiple resources in communities with higher numbers of competing species, indicating the role of resource supply and stoichiometry for biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships. Here, we merged theory on ecological stoichiometry with a framework of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning to understand how resource use transfers into primary production. We applied a structural equation model to define patterns of diversity-productivity relationships with respect to available resources. Meta-analysis was used to summarize the findings across ecosystem types ranging from aquatic ecosystems to grasslands and forests. As hypothesized, resource supply increased realized productivity and richness, but we found significant differences between ecosystems and study types. Increased richness was associated with increased productivity, although this effect was not seen in experiments. More even communities had lower productivity, indicating that biomass production is often maintained by a few dominant species, and reduced dominance generally reduced ecosystem productivity. This synthesis, which integrates observational and experimental studies in a variety of ecosystems and geographical regions, exposes common patterns and differences in biodiversity-functioning relationships, and increases the mechanistic understanding of changes in ecosystems productivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20150283
Number of pages9
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume371
Issue number1694
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2016

Keywords

  • Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning
  • Evenness
  • Nutrient network
  • Productivity
  • Richness
  • Stoichiometry

Cite this

Lewandowska, A. M., Biermann, A., Borer, E. T., Cebrián-Piqueras, M. A., Declerck, S. A. J., De Meester, L., ... Hillebrand, H. (2016). The influence of balanced and imbalanced resource supply on biodiversity-functioning relationship across ecosystems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1694), [20150283]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0283
Lewandowska, Aleksandra M. ; Biermann, Antje ; Borer, Elizabeth T. ; Cebrián-Piqueras, Miguel A. ; Declerck, Steven A J ; De Meester, Luc ; Van Donk, Ellen ; Gamfeldt, Lars ; Gruner, Daniel S. ; Hagenah, Nicole ; Harpole, W. Stanley ; Kirkman, Kevin P. ; Klausmeier, Christopher A. ; Kleyer, Michael ; Knops, Johannes M H ; Lemmens, Pieter ; Lind, Eric M. ; Litchman, Elena ; Mantilla-Contreras, Jasmin ; Martens, Koen ; Meier, Sandra ; Minden, Vanessa ; Moore, Joslin L. ; Venterink, Harry Olde ; Seabloom, Eric W. ; Sommer, Ulrich ; Striebel, Maren ; Trenkamp, Anastasia ; Trinogga, Juliane ; Urabe, Jotaro ; Vyverman, Wim ; Van de Waal, Dedmer B. ; Widdicombe, Claire E. ; Hillebrand, Helmut. / The influence of balanced and imbalanced resource supply on biodiversity-functioning relationship across ecosystems. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2016 ; Vol. 371, No. 1694.
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abstract = "Numerous studies show that increasing species richness leads to higher ecosystem productivity. This effect is often attributed to more efficient portioning of multiple resources in communities with higher numbers of competing species, indicating the role of resource supply and stoichiometry for biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships. Here, we merged theory on ecological stoichiometry with a framework of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning to understand how resource use transfers into primary production. We applied a structural equation model to define patterns of diversity-productivity relationships with respect to available resources. Meta-analysis was used to summarize the findings across ecosystem types ranging from aquatic ecosystems to grasslands and forests. As hypothesized, resource supply increased realized productivity and richness, but we found significant differences between ecosystems and study types. Increased richness was associated with increased productivity, although this effect was not seen in experiments. More even communities had lower productivity, indicating that biomass production is often maintained by a few dominant species, and reduced dominance generally reduced ecosystem productivity. This synthesis, which integrates observational and experimental studies in a variety of ecosystems and geographical regions, exposes common patterns and differences in biodiversity-functioning relationships, and increases the mechanistic understanding of changes in ecosystems productivity.",
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Lewandowska, AM, Biermann, A, Borer, ET, Cebrián-Piqueras, MA, Declerck, SAJ, De Meester, L, Van Donk, E, Gamfeldt, L, Gruner, DS, Hagenah, N, Harpole, WS, Kirkman, KP, Klausmeier, CA, Kleyer, M, Knops, JMH, Lemmens, P, Lind, EM, Litchman, E, Mantilla-Contreras, J, Martens, K, Meier, S, Minden, V, Moore, JL, Venterink, HO, Seabloom, EW, Sommer, U, Striebel, M, Trenkamp, A, Trinogga, J, Urabe, J, Vyverman, W, Van de Waal, DB, Widdicombe, CE & Hillebrand, H 2016, 'The influence of balanced and imbalanced resource supply on biodiversity-functioning relationship across ecosystems' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 371, no. 1694, 20150283. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0283

The influence of balanced and imbalanced resource supply on biodiversity-functioning relationship across ecosystems. / Lewandowska, Aleksandra M.; Biermann, Antje; Borer, Elizabeth T.; Cebrián-Piqueras, Miguel A.; Declerck, Steven A J; De Meester, Luc; Van Donk, Ellen; Gamfeldt, Lars; Gruner, Daniel S.; Hagenah, Nicole; Harpole, W. Stanley; Kirkman, Kevin P.; Klausmeier, Christopher A.; Kleyer, Michael; Knops, Johannes M H; Lemmens, Pieter; Lind, Eric M.; Litchman, Elena; Mantilla-Contreras, Jasmin; Martens, Koen; Meier, Sandra; Minden, Vanessa; Moore, Joslin L.; Venterink, Harry Olde; Seabloom, Eric W.; Sommer, Ulrich; Striebel, Maren; Trenkamp, Anastasia; Trinogga, Juliane; Urabe, Jotaro; Vyverman, Wim; Van de Waal, Dedmer B.; Widdicombe, Claire E.; Hillebrand, Helmut.

In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 371, No. 1694, 20150283, 19.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of balanced and imbalanced resource supply on biodiversity-functioning relationship across ecosystems

AU - Lewandowska, Aleksandra M.

AU - Biermann, Antje

AU - Borer, Elizabeth T.

AU - Cebrián-Piqueras, Miguel A.

AU - Declerck, Steven A J

AU - De Meester, Luc

AU - Van Donk, Ellen

AU - Gamfeldt, Lars

AU - Gruner, Daniel S.

AU - Hagenah, Nicole

AU - Harpole, W. Stanley

AU - Kirkman, Kevin P.

AU - Klausmeier, Christopher A.

AU - Kleyer, Michael

AU - Knops, Johannes M H

AU - Lemmens, Pieter

AU - Lind, Eric M.

AU - Litchman, Elena

AU - Mantilla-Contreras, Jasmin

AU - Martens, Koen

AU - Meier, Sandra

AU - Minden, Vanessa

AU - Moore, Joslin L.

AU - Venterink, Harry Olde

AU - Seabloom, Eric W.

AU - Sommer, Ulrich

AU - Striebel, Maren

AU - Trenkamp, Anastasia

AU - Trinogga, Juliane

AU - Urabe, Jotaro

AU - Vyverman, Wim

AU - Van de Waal, Dedmer B.

AU - Widdicombe, Claire E.

AU - Hillebrand, Helmut

PY - 2016/5/19

Y1 - 2016/5/19

N2 - Numerous studies show that increasing species richness leads to higher ecosystem productivity. This effect is often attributed to more efficient portioning of multiple resources in communities with higher numbers of competing species, indicating the role of resource supply and stoichiometry for biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships. Here, we merged theory on ecological stoichiometry with a framework of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning to understand how resource use transfers into primary production. We applied a structural equation model to define patterns of diversity-productivity relationships with respect to available resources. Meta-analysis was used to summarize the findings across ecosystem types ranging from aquatic ecosystems to grasslands and forests. As hypothesized, resource supply increased realized productivity and richness, but we found significant differences between ecosystems and study types. Increased richness was associated with increased productivity, although this effect was not seen in experiments. More even communities had lower productivity, indicating that biomass production is often maintained by a few dominant species, and reduced dominance generally reduced ecosystem productivity. This synthesis, which integrates observational and experimental studies in a variety of ecosystems and geographical regions, exposes common patterns and differences in biodiversity-functioning relationships, and increases the mechanistic understanding of changes in ecosystems productivity.

AB - Numerous studies show that increasing species richness leads to higher ecosystem productivity. This effect is often attributed to more efficient portioning of multiple resources in communities with higher numbers of competing species, indicating the role of resource supply and stoichiometry for biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships. Here, we merged theory on ecological stoichiometry with a framework of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning to understand how resource use transfers into primary production. We applied a structural equation model to define patterns of diversity-productivity relationships with respect to available resources. Meta-analysis was used to summarize the findings across ecosystem types ranging from aquatic ecosystems to grasslands and forests. As hypothesized, resource supply increased realized productivity and richness, but we found significant differences between ecosystems and study types. Increased richness was associated with increased productivity, although this effect was not seen in experiments. More even communities had lower productivity, indicating that biomass production is often maintained by a few dominant species, and reduced dominance generally reduced ecosystem productivity. This synthesis, which integrates observational and experimental studies in a variety of ecosystems and geographical regions, exposes common patterns and differences in biodiversity-functioning relationships, and increases the mechanistic understanding of changes in ecosystems productivity.

KW - Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning

KW - Evenness

KW - Nutrient network

KW - Productivity

KW - Richness

KW - Stoichiometry

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U2 - 10.1098/rstb.2015.0283

DO - 10.1098/rstb.2015.0283

M3 - Article

VL - 371

JO - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

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