The impact of partner treatment for bacterial vaginosis on the genital microbiota of heterosexual couples

Erica Plummer, Lenka A. Vodstrcil, Christopher K. Fairley, Jennifer A Danielewski, Gerald Laurence Murray, Michelle Doyle, Glenda Fehler, Colette McGuiness, Dieter M. Bulach, Suzanne Marie Garland, Eric P.F. Chow, Jane Simone Hocking, Catriona S. Bradshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review

Abstract

Background: More than 50% of women experience recurrence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) within 3–6 months following first-line antibiotics. Increasing evidence suggests that reinfection from an untreated regular sexual partner contributes to BV-recurrence. We conducted a pilot study of combined oral and topical antibiotic treatment of male partners of women being treated for BV, and investigated the impact of concurrent partner treatment on the genital microbiota of couples. Methods: Women attending Melbourne Sexual Health Centre with symptomatic BV (≥3 Amsel criteria and Nugent Score = 4–10) were recruited between March 2018–2019 with their regular male partner (RSP). Women received first-line BV-treatment and their RSP received oral metronidazole 400mg BD and 2% clindamycin cream topically to penile skin BD, for 7 days. Couples self-collected genital samples (vaginal swab, penile skin swab, and male first-pass urine [representing the urethral microbiota]) immediately post-treatment (i.e. day-8) and then 4-weekly for up to 12-weeks. Specimens underwent microbiota analysis using 16S-rRNA gene sequencing. Changes in the relative abundance of bacteria between pre- and post-treatment specimens were assessed using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results: Data from 31 couples was available for microbiota analysis. The bacterial composition of the male genital microbiota differed at the penile skin site and the urethral site. Partner treatment reduced the relative abundance of BV-associated bacteria in the genital microbiota of both men and women immediately posttreatment. Specifically, Prevotella and Sneathia were reduced at the vaginal (P <0.001), penile skin (P = 0.005) and urethral (P <0.001) sites post-treatment compared to pre-treatment. Post-treatment, Gardnerella was reduced in the urethral (P = 0.02) and vaginal (P = 0.001) microbiota, and not in the penile skin microbiota but this was likely due to the low relative abundance of Gardnerella at this site. Conclusions: Treating sexual partners of women with BV reduces the abundance of BV-associated bacteria in the vaginal, penile skin and male urethral microbiota immediately post-treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12
Pages (from-to)xiv
Number of pages1
JournalSexual Health
Volume17
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2020
Event2020 Joint Australasian HIV&AIDS and Sexual Health Conferences: VIRTUAL - Virtual
Duration: 16 Nov 202020 Nov 2020
https://hivshconferences2020.com.au/
https://www.publish.csiro.au/sh/SHv17n5abs (Abstracts published in Sexual Health 17(5) - November 2020)
https://hivshconferences2020.com.au/on-demand-program/ (On Demand Program - Conference Abstracts)
https://hivshconferences2020.com.au/poster-listing/ (Poster Listing)

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