The impact of participative leadership on job performance and organizational citizenship behavior: distinguishing between the mediating effects of affective and cognitive trust

Qing Miao, Alexander Harry Newman, Xu Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the mediating effects of cognitive trust and affective trust on the relationship between supervisors participative leadership behavior and subordinate work outcomes, using data obtained from 247 dyads in a manufacturing organization located in mainland China. Structural equation modeling revealed that while affective trust fully mediated the relationships between participative leadership of supervisor and subordinate job performance and organizational citizenship behavior, cognitive trust had non-significant effects. These findings underscore the importance of interpersonal interactions between the supervisor and subordinate for engendering subordinate work outcomes. They also lend support to the exchange (relationship)-based explanation as to how trust enhances the response of subordinates to the participative leadership behavior of their immediate supervisor, given that affective trust involves a process of social exchange between both parties over an extended period of time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2796 - 2810
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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