The impact of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery on postoperative renal function

Abu-Omar Yasir, FJ Taghavi, M Navaratnarajah, A Ali, A Shahir, LM Yu, Cliff Khuat Chye Choong, David P Taggart

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: A number of risk factors have been recognised for postoperative renal dysfunction following on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). There are, however, few studies that have evaluated the potential reno-protective effects of off-pump CABG in the presence of other confounding risk factors. The aim of this study was to determine if off-pump CABG reduces the risk of renal injury. METHODS: Serum creatinine values (preoperatively and day 1, 2 and 4 postoperatively) and other clinical data were prospectively collected on 1580 consecutive patients who underwent first-time CABG from 2002 to 2005. Creatinine clearance was calculated using the Cockcroft and Gault equation. The effect of on-pump vs. off-pump CABG on renal function was analysed, adjusting for age, gender, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular (LV) function and preoperative creatinine clearance, using multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: One thousand one hundred and forty-five (73 ) patients underwent on-pump CABG and 435 (27 ) underwent off-pump CABG. The two groups were similar with respect to age, gender and diabetes. Two hundred and seventy-four (17 ) patients were females and 274 (17 ) patients had diabetes. Multivariate analysis demonstrated significantly lower creatinine clearance postoperatively in patients with diabetes (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127 - 131
Number of pages5
JournalPerfusion
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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