The impact of late-night alcohol restrictions on ambulance call-outs in entertainment precincts

Dominique de Andrade, Kerri Coomber, Michael Livingston, Nicholas Taylor, Foruhar Moayeri, Peter G. Miller, Jason Ferris, Cheneal Puljević, Richelle Mayshak, Debbie Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: In July 2016, the Queensland Government introduced the Tackling Alcohol-Fuelled Violence (TAFV) policy to address alcohol-related harm in entertainment precincts [safe night precincts (SNP)]. Additional measures were introduced in February and July 2017. We aim to examine the impact of the policy on Queensland Ambulance Service call-outs in Fortitude Valley, Surfers Paradise, all 15 SNP suburbs combined and statewide. Methods: Auto-regressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models and seasonal ARIMA (SARIMA) models were developed to test the impact of TAFV policy stages on monthly number of ambulance call-outs during high alcohol hours (HAH; Friday and Saturday nights, 20:00–05:59) over an 8-year period (July 2011–June 2019). Results: The average number of monthly call-outs in HAH reduced by 26.2% in Fortitude Valley, 21.1% in Surfers Paradise and 4.3% in all 15 SNP suburbs combined. In Fortitude Valley, there was a significant decline in the monthly number of call-outs between 00:00 and 02:59 and across all HAH combined when examining the cumulative effect of the policy stages; and significant declines between 03:00 and 05:59 after each stage and cumulatively. Across the 15 SNP suburbs combined, there was a significant decline in call-outs between 03:00 and 05:59 after the third policy stage (July 2017). There were no significant declines in Surfers Paradise or statewide. Discussion and Conclusions: Overall, the introduction of the TAFV policy stages in Queensland had a limited effect on ambulance call-outs during HAH. However, there were some notable declines in HAH ambulance call-outs in some of the state's key nightlife suburbs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-716
Number of pages9
JournalDrug and Alcohol Review
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • alcohol
  • ambulance call-out
  • emergency medical system
  • policy evaluation
  • trading hour

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