The Impact of Interpersonal Style and Interpersonal Complementarity on the Therapeutic Alliance Between Therapists and Offenders in Sex Offender Treatment

Rachael Watson, Michael Daffern, Stuart Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Therapist and treatment process variables affect the effectiveness of offender rehabilitation programs. This study examined the influence of therapists’ and offenders’ interpersonal styles (IPSs) and interpersonal complementarity on therapeutic alliance (TA). Seventy-five sex offenders and their therapists evaluated each other’s IPSs and the TA after 3 weeks of treatment. Offenders evaluated the TA more positively than therapists. Regarding the impact of IPS, therapist affiliation was positively correlated and therapist control was negatively correlated with offenders’ ratings of the TA; in other words, offenders evaluated the TA more strongly when therapists were perceived as affiliative, and weaker when therapists were viewed as controlling. Offender affiliation was positively correlated with therapists’ ratings of TA; in other words, therapists evaluated the TA more strongly when offenders were viewed as more affiliative; perceptions of offender control were unrelated to offenders’ ratings of TA. Complementarity in IPS between offenders and therapists did not affect TA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-127
Number of pages21
JournalSexual Abuse-A Journal of Research and Treatment
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • complementarity
  • interpersonal style
  • sexual offender
  • therapeutic alliance
  • treatment process

Cite this

@article{be4c3d80e5cf4b19a769658d173e1ba3,
title = "The Impact of Interpersonal Style and Interpersonal Complementarity on the Therapeutic Alliance Between Therapists and Offenders in Sex Offender Treatment",
abstract = "Therapist and treatment process variables affect the effectiveness of offender rehabilitation programs. This study examined the influence of therapists’ and offenders’ interpersonal styles (IPSs) and interpersonal complementarity on therapeutic alliance (TA). Seventy-five sex offenders and their therapists evaluated each other’s IPSs and the TA after 3 weeks of treatment. Offenders evaluated the TA more positively than therapists. Regarding the impact of IPS, therapist affiliation was positively correlated and therapist control was negatively correlated with offenders’ ratings of the TA; in other words, offenders evaluated the TA more strongly when therapists were perceived as affiliative, and weaker when therapists were viewed as controlling. Offender affiliation was positively correlated with therapists’ ratings of TA; in other words, therapists evaluated the TA more strongly when offenders were viewed as more affiliative; perceptions of offender control were unrelated to offenders’ ratings of TA. Complementarity in IPS between offenders and therapists did not affect TA.",
keywords = "complementarity, interpersonal style, sexual offender, therapeutic alliance, treatment process",
author = "Rachael Watson and Michael Daffern and Stuart Thomas",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1177/1079063215580969",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "107--127",
journal = "Sexual Abuse-A Journal of Research and Treatment",
issn = "1079-0632",
publisher = "Springer-Verlag London Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

The Impact of Interpersonal Style and Interpersonal Complementarity on the Therapeutic Alliance Between Therapists and Offenders in Sex Offender Treatment. / Watson, Rachael; Daffern, Michael; Thomas, Stuart.

In: Sexual Abuse-A Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2017, p. 107-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Impact of Interpersonal Style and Interpersonal Complementarity on the Therapeutic Alliance Between Therapists and Offenders in Sex Offender Treatment

AU - Watson, Rachael

AU - Daffern, Michael

AU - Thomas, Stuart

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Therapist and treatment process variables affect the effectiveness of offender rehabilitation programs. This study examined the influence of therapists’ and offenders’ interpersonal styles (IPSs) and interpersonal complementarity on therapeutic alliance (TA). Seventy-five sex offenders and their therapists evaluated each other’s IPSs and the TA after 3 weeks of treatment. Offenders evaluated the TA more positively than therapists. Regarding the impact of IPS, therapist affiliation was positively correlated and therapist control was negatively correlated with offenders’ ratings of the TA; in other words, offenders evaluated the TA more strongly when therapists were perceived as affiliative, and weaker when therapists were viewed as controlling. Offender affiliation was positively correlated with therapists’ ratings of TA; in other words, therapists evaluated the TA more strongly when offenders were viewed as more affiliative; perceptions of offender control were unrelated to offenders’ ratings of TA. Complementarity in IPS between offenders and therapists did not affect TA.

AB - Therapist and treatment process variables affect the effectiveness of offender rehabilitation programs. This study examined the influence of therapists’ and offenders’ interpersonal styles (IPSs) and interpersonal complementarity on therapeutic alliance (TA). Seventy-five sex offenders and their therapists evaluated each other’s IPSs and the TA after 3 weeks of treatment. Offenders evaluated the TA more positively than therapists. Regarding the impact of IPS, therapist affiliation was positively correlated and therapist control was negatively correlated with offenders’ ratings of the TA; in other words, offenders evaluated the TA more strongly when therapists were perceived as affiliative, and weaker when therapists were viewed as controlling. Offender affiliation was positively correlated with therapists’ ratings of TA; in other words, therapists evaluated the TA more strongly when offenders were viewed as more affiliative; perceptions of offender control were unrelated to offenders’ ratings of TA. Complementarity in IPS between offenders and therapists did not affect TA.

KW - complementarity

KW - interpersonal style

KW - sexual offender

KW - therapeutic alliance

KW - treatment process

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85011634312&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1079063215580969

DO - 10.1177/1079063215580969

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 107

EP - 127

JO - Sexual Abuse-A Journal of Research and Treatment

JF - Sexual Abuse-A Journal of Research and Treatment

SN - 1079-0632

IS - 2

ER -