The impact of chronic intrauterine inflammation on the physiologic and neurodevelopmental consequences of intermittent umbilical cord occlusion in fetal sheep

Ilias Nitsos, John P Newnham, Sandra M Rees, Richard L Harding, Timothy JM Moss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

To determine the effect of intrauterine inflammation on fetal responses to umbilical cord occlusion (UCO). Study Design: In pregnant sheep, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or saline (SAL) was infused intra-amniotically for 4 weeks from 80 days of gestation (d). At 110 d, fetuses were instrumented for UCOs (5 x 2-minutes, 30-minute intervals: LPS + UCO, n = 6; SAL + UCO, n = 8) or no UCO (sham, n = 6) on 117 and 118 d. Tissues were collected at 126 d. Results: Fetal physiological responses to UCO were similar between LPS + UCO and SAL + UCO. Histologic chorioamnionitis and increased amniotic fluid interleukin 8 (IL-8) were observed in LPS + UCO pregnancies (versus SAL + UCO, P <.05). CNPase-positive oligodendrocyte number in the cerebral white matter was lower in LPS + UCO and SAL + UCO than sham (P <.05); there was no effect on astrocytes or activated microglia/macrophages. Two of the SAL + UCO fetuses had white matter lesions; none were observed in LPS + UCO or sham. Conclusion: Chronic pre-existing intrauterine inflammation did not exacerbate fetal brain injury induced by intermittent UCO.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-670
Number of pages13
JournalReproductive Sciences
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

Cite this

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title = "The impact of chronic intrauterine inflammation on the physiologic and neurodevelopmental consequences of intermittent umbilical cord occlusion in fetal sheep",
abstract = "To determine the effect of intrauterine inflammation on fetal responses to umbilical cord occlusion (UCO). Study Design: In pregnant sheep, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or saline (SAL) was infused intra-amniotically for 4 weeks from 80 days of gestation (d). At 110 d, fetuses were instrumented for UCOs (5 x 2-minutes, 30-minute intervals: LPS + UCO, n = 6; SAL + UCO, n = 8) or no UCO (sham, n = 6) on 117 and 118 d. Tissues were collected at 126 d. Results: Fetal physiological responses to UCO were similar between LPS + UCO and SAL + UCO. Histologic chorioamnionitis and increased amniotic fluid interleukin 8 (IL-8) were observed in LPS + UCO pregnancies (versus SAL + UCO, P <.05). CNPase-positive oligodendrocyte number in the cerebral white matter was lower in LPS + UCO and SAL + UCO than sham (P <.05); there was no effect on astrocytes or activated microglia/macrophages. Two of the SAL + UCO fetuses had white matter lesions; none were observed in LPS + UCO or sham. Conclusion: Chronic pre-existing intrauterine inflammation did not exacerbate fetal brain injury induced by intermittent UCO.",
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The impact of chronic intrauterine inflammation on the physiologic and neurodevelopmental consequences of intermittent umbilical cord occlusion in fetal sheep. / Nitsos, Ilias; Newnham, John P; Rees, Sandra M; Harding, Richard L; Moss, Timothy JM.

In: Reproductive Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 5, 05.2014, p. 658-670.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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N2 - To determine the effect of intrauterine inflammation on fetal responses to umbilical cord occlusion (UCO). Study Design: In pregnant sheep, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or saline (SAL) was infused intra-amniotically for 4 weeks from 80 days of gestation (d). At 110 d, fetuses were instrumented for UCOs (5 x 2-minutes, 30-minute intervals: LPS + UCO, n = 6; SAL + UCO, n = 8) or no UCO (sham, n = 6) on 117 and 118 d. Tissues were collected at 126 d. Results: Fetal physiological responses to UCO were similar between LPS + UCO and SAL + UCO. Histologic chorioamnionitis and increased amniotic fluid interleukin 8 (IL-8) were observed in LPS + UCO pregnancies (versus SAL + UCO, P <.05). CNPase-positive oligodendrocyte number in the cerebral white matter was lower in LPS + UCO and SAL + UCO than sham (P <.05); there was no effect on astrocytes or activated microglia/macrophages. Two of the SAL + UCO fetuses had white matter lesions; none were observed in LPS + UCO or sham. Conclusion: Chronic pre-existing intrauterine inflammation did not exacerbate fetal brain injury induced by intermittent UCO.

AB - To determine the effect of intrauterine inflammation on fetal responses to umbilical cord occlusion (UCO). Study Design: In pregnant sheep, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or saline (SAL) was infused intra-amniotically for 4 weeks from 80 days of gestation (d). At 110 d, fetuses were instrumented for UCOs (5 x 2-minutes, 30-minute intervals: LPS + UCO, n = 6; SAL + UCO, n = 8) or no UCO (sham, n = 6) on 117 and 118 d. Tissues were collected at 126 d. Results: Fetal physiological responses to UCO were similar between LPS + UCO and SAL + UCO. Histologic chorioamnionitis and increased amniotic fluid interleukin 8 (IL-8) were observed in LPS + UCO pregnancies (versus SAL + UCO, P <.05). CNPase-positive oligodendrocyte number in the cerebral white matter was lower in LPS + UCO and SAL + UCO than sham (P <.05); there was no effect on astrocytes or activated microglia/macrophages. Two of the SAL + UCO fetuses had white matter lesions; none were observed in LPS + UCO or sham. Conclusion: Chronic pre-existing intrauterine inflammation did not exacerbate fetal brain injury induced by intermittent UCO.

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