Helicobacter pylori is an important etiologic agent of gastroduodenal disease. In common with other organisms, H. pylori bacteria express heat shock proteins that share homologies with the GroES-GroEL class of proteins from Escherichia coli. We have assessed the heat shock proteins of H. pylori as potential protective antigens in a murine model of gastric Helicobacter infection. Orogastric immunization of mice with recombinant H. pylori GroES- and GroEL-like proteins protected 80% (n = 20) and 70% (n = 10) of animals, respectively, from a challenge dose of 104 Helicobacter fells bacteria (compared to control mice, P = 0.0042 and P = 0.0904, respectively). All mice (n = 19) that were immunized with a dual antigen preparation, consisting of H. pylori GroES-like protein and the B subunit of H. pylori urease, were protected against infection. This represented a level of protection equivalent to that provided by a sonicated Helicobacter extract (P = 0.955). Antibodies directed against the recombinant H. pylori antigens were predominantly of the IgG1 class, suggesting that a type 2 T-helper cell response was involved in protection. This work reports a protein belonging to the GroES class of heat shock proteins that was shown to induce protective immunity. In conclusion, GroES-like and urease B-subunit proteins have been identified as potential components of a future H. pylori subunit vaccine.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Jul 1995|
- gastric cancer
- heat shock proteins
- Helicobacter felis model