The future of patient-derived xenografts in prostate cancer research

Mitchell G. Lawrence, Renea A. Taylor, Georgia B. Cuffe, Lisa S. Ang, Ashlee K. Clark, David L. Goode, Laura H. Porter, Clémentine Le Magnen, Nora M. Navone, Jack A. Schalken, Yuzhuo Wang, Wytske M. van Weerden, Eva Corey, John T. Isaacs, Peter S. Nelson, Gail P. Risbridger

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) are generated by engrafting human tumours into mice. Serially transplantable PDXs are used to study tumour biology and test therapeutics, linking the laboratory to the clinic. Although few prostate cancer PDXs are available in large repositories, over 330 prostate cancer PDXs have been established, spanning broad clinical stages, genotypes and phenotypes. Nevertheless, more PDXs are needed to reflect patient diversity, and to study new treatments and emerging mechanisms of resistance. We can maximize the use of PDXs by exchanging models and datasets, and by depositing PDXs into biorepositories, but we must address the impediments to accessing PDXs, such as institutional, ethical and legal agreements. Through collaboration, researchers will gain greater access to PDXs representing diverse features of prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-384
Number of pages14
JournalNature Reviews Urology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

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