The Factors Associated With Anxiety Symptom Severity in Older Adults Living in Nursing Homes and Other Residential Aged Care Facilities

Alexandra S. Creighton, Tanya E. Davison, David Kissane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to identify the biopsychosocial factors associated with anxiety among a residential aged care sample. Method: A total of 178 residents (M age = 85.4 years, SD = 7.4 years) with mild cognitive impairment or normal cognition participated. Participants completed the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and a set of measures assessing cognition, depression, self-perceived health, mastery, attachment, perceived social support, social engagement, functional status, the experience of a fall, and other negative life events. Results: Unique correlates of GAI scores were depression, a preoccupied attachment style, lower mastery, cognitive impairment, and lower self-perceived health. Discussion: Most correlates that were uniquely associated with anxiety had little to do with the current environment. More variance was accounted for by stable and lifelong factors. This provides new insights into the characteristics of anxiety within aged care populations, and although preliminary, provides possible targets to prevent and treat anxiety within this setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1235-1258
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • aged Care
  • correlates
  • older adults
  • nursing home

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