The Excess Costs of Hospitalization for Acute Stroke in People With Communication Impairment: A Stroke123 Data Linkage Substudy

Emily L. Brogan, Joosup Kim, Rohan S. Grimley, Sarah J. Wallace, Caroline Baker, Tharshanah Thayabaranathan, Nadine E. Andrew, Monique F. Kilkenny, Erin Godecke, Miranda L. Rose, Dominique A. Cadilhac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To describe the costs of hospital care for acute stroke for patients with aphasia or dysarthria. Design: Observational study from the Stroke123 project. Setting: Data from patients admitted with stroke (2009-2013) from 22 hospitals in Queensland participating in the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry (AuSCR) were linked to administrative datasets. Participants: Communication impairments were identified using International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Australian Modification codes. Overall, 1043 of 4195 (25%) patients were identified with aphasia (49% were women; median age 78 years; 83% with ischemic stroke), and 1005 (24%) with dysarthria (42% were women; median age 76 years; 85% with ischemic stroke). Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Linked patient-level, hospital clinical costing related to the stroke, were adjusted to 2013/2014 Australian dollars (AU$, US$ conversion x 0.691) using recommended national price indices and multivariable regression analysis with clustering by hospital performed. Results: Compared with patients without aphasia, the median hospital costs/patient were greater for those with aphasia for medical (aphasia AU$2273 vs AU$1727, P<.001), nursing (aphasia AU$3829 vs AU$2748, P<.001) and allied health services (aphasia AU$1138 vs AU$720, P<.001). Similarly, costs were greater for patients with dysarthria compared with those without dysarthria. Adjusted median total costs were AU$2882 greater for patients with aphasia compared with patients without aphasia (95% confidence interval, AU$1880-3884), and AU$843 greater for patients with dysarthria compared with those without dysarthria (95% confidence interval, AU$–301 to 1987). Conclusions: People with communication impairment after stroke incur greater hospital costs, in particular for medical, allied health, and nursing resources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)942-949
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume104
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • Cost analysis
  • Data linkage, Dysarthria
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke

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