The effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on the cognitive functions in older adults with mild cognitive impairment

A pilot study

Pablo Cruz Gonzalez, Kenneth N.K. Fong, Ted Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether the use of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex could boost the effects of a cognitive stimulation (CS) programme using a tablet on five older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Method. A single-subject study of A-B-C-A design was used. After the baseline with the administration of CS (phase A), a sham treatment with CS was applied (B). Following the withdrawal of sham treatment, tDCS was introduced in combination with CS (C). Finally, phase A was replicated a second time. Results. tDCS had a significant effect on processing speed, selective attention, and planning ability tasks in terms of performance and completion time. Conclusion. tDCS appears to have a positive impact on some cognitive components in CS in persons with MCI. Further study on its long-term effects and generalization of power to daily activities is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5971385
Number of pages14
JournalBehavioural Neurology
Volume2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2018

Cite this

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title = "The effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on the cognitive functions in older adults with mild cognitive impairment: A pilot study",
abstract = "Objective. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether the use of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex could boost the effects of a cognitive stimulation (CS) programme using a tablet on five older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Method. A single-subject study of A-B-C-A design was used. After the baseline with the administration of CS (phase A), a sham treatment with CS was applied (B). Following the withdrawal of sham treatment, tDCS was introduced in combination with CS (C). Finally, phase A was replicated a second time. Results. tDCS had a significant effect on processing speed, selective attention, and planning ability tasks in terms of performance and completion time. Conclusion. tDCS appears to have a positive impact on some cognitive components in CS in persons with MCI. Further study on its long-term effects and generalization of power to daily activities is warranted.",
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The effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on the cognitive functions in older adults with mild cognitive impairment : A pilot study. / Gonzalez, Pablo Cruz; Fong, Kenneth N.K.; Brown, Ted.

In: Behavioural Neurology, Vol. 2018, 5971385, 15.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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T2 - A pilot study

AU - Gonzalez, Pablo Cruz

AU - Fong, Kenneth N.K.

AU - Brown, Ted

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Y1 - 2018/3/15

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