The effects of targeted deletion of the aromatase enzyme on prostatic contractile responses to noradrenaline in mice

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This investigation aimed to see whether a change in the oestrogen to androgen ratio alters prostate contractility. Isolated organ bath studies using prostates from aromatase knockout (ArKO) mice which were homozygous (ArKO-/-) and heterozygous (ArKO+/-) for the disrupted aromatase cyp19 gene and wild-type littermates (ArKO+/+) were conducted. The distribution of noradrenergic nerves was visualized using the sucrose-potassium phosphate-glyoxylic acid method. ArKO-/- mice had increased prostate weights compared with ArKO+/+ mice. Frequency-response curves to electrical field stimulation (EFS; 0.5 ms pulse duration, 60 V, 0.1-20 Hz) yielded frequency-dependent contractions, while noradrenaline (10 nM-1 mM) and tyramine (1 muM-1 mM) produced concentration-dependent contractions. Prazosin (0.3 muM) attenuated the responses induced by noradrenaline and EFS in all mice (P/=0.506, n=10-13). Prostates from ArKO-/- and ArKO+/- mice were more sensitive to tyramine than prostates from ArKO+/+ mice (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495 - 502
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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