The effects of consultation-based family-school engagement on student and parent outcomes: a meta-analysis

Tyler E. Smith, Shannon R. Holmes, Susan M. Sheridan, Jennifer M. Cooper, Bradley S. Bloomfield, June L. Preast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Given that consultation has consistently yielded benefits for clients and consultees, it is likely an effective method of promoting family-school engagement. Thus, this meta-analysis examined the effects of consultation-based family-school engagement on child and parent outcomes, and complementary intervention methods used in conjunction with consultation. This study also sought to advance consultation research via a contemporary meta-analytic technique, robust variance estimation (RVE). Analyses yielded significant effects of consultation-based family-school engagement on children’s social-behavioral competence (δ = 0.34), mental health (δ = 0.37), and academic achievement (δ = 0.27). Significant effects for parent practices (δ = 0.53), parent attitudes (δ = 0.49), and relational outcomes (δ = 0.37) were also found. Complementary intervention methods revealed significant effects across various child, parent, and relational outcomes. Results indicate benefits of consultation-based family-school engagement for key outcomes and have implications for utilizing complementary methods to augment the net effects of consultation for valuable stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-306
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Educational and Psychological Consultation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

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