The effects and challenges of vocational training in Korea

Jong Wha Lee, Jong Suk Han, Eunbi Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores whether training programs were effective in improving labor market performance of individuals, in particular wages and employment probability, in South Korea. The regression analyses using the data from Korean respondents in the Program for the International Assessment of Adults Competencies (PIAAC) survey show the strong positive effects of vocational training programs on earnings as well as on employment probability of individuals, while controlling for education, experience, and literacy skills as a proxy for unobserved ability, as well as occupation and industry. Moreover, the effects of job-training tend to be larger in older cohorts. These results suggest that against challenges posed by rapidly aging population and emergence of technological breakthroughs, Korea should promote vocational training activities and life-long learning programs, especially to the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-111
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Training Research
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Ageing
  • employability
  • South Korea
  • vocational training

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