The effect of the spontaneous magnetization in the grain boundary region on the magnetic softness of nanocrystalline materials

K. Suzuki, J. M. Cadogan

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The relationship between the mean hyperfine field of the residual intergranular amorphous phase 〈Bhf〉 and the coercivity Hc in various nanocrystalline soft magnetic samples has been investigated in order to clarify the effect of the spontaneous magnetization in the grain boundary region on their magnetic softness. Nanocrystalline samples with various 〈bhf〉 values were prepared by annealing an amorphous Fe91Zr7B2 precursor for periods of 60 s-108 ks, at temperatures of 823-973 K. Hc shows a clear tendency to decrease with increasing 〈Bhf〉 or decreasing volume fraction of the residual amorphous phase. These effects of the residual amorphous phase on Hc are well understood within the framework of our extended two-phase random anisotropy model where both the exchange stiffness constant and volume fraction of the grain boundary phase are relevant to the exchange correlation length. Our results indicate that the exchange stiffness constant of the intergranular region varies as the square of the spontaneous magnetization of the residual amorphous phase. A small exchange stiffness constant on the order of 10-13 J/m is predicted for the residual amorphous phase in the Fe-Zr-B alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4400-4402
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number8 II A
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 1999
Externally publishedYes

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