The effect of N-methylation on transition state mimetic inhibitors of the Plasmodium protease, plasmepsin v

Michelle Gazdik, Matthew T. O'Neill, Sash Lopaticki, Kym N Lowes, Brian J. Smith, Alan Frederick Cowman, Justin A Boddey, Brad E Sleebs

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

N-Methylation of the N-Cα peptide bond is a known strategy to overcome the liabilities inherently associated with peptide-like molecules. Here, we apply this strategy to transition state mimetics that are potent inhibitors of the malarial protease, plasmepsin V, with the aim of enhancing their activity against Plasmodium parasites. We demonstrate that independent N-methylation of each N-Cα bond of the mimetics interferes with binding interactions to plasmepsin V, resulting in reduced affinity for the protease. We provide evidence that N-methylation improves proteolytic stability and slightly improves lipophilicity. However, the observed parasite activity of the N-methyl compounds had little correlation with on-target plasmepsin V activity, indicating non-specific activity. This study underscores the benefits and the drawbacks of the N-methylation strategy, and provides further evidence that plasmepsin V is highly sensitive to substrate modification. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-443
Number of pages7
JournalMedChemComm
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

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