The effect of isosteviol on hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia induced by lipotoxicity in rats fed with high-fat emulsion

Deyi Xu, Min Xu, Lin Lin, Shasha Rao, Jiping Wang, Andrew Keith Davey

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The aim of present study was to investigate the effects of isosteviol on hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in rats fed with high-fat emulsion (HFE). Main methods: Hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in rats was induced by daily ingestion of HFE for 14 days. Isosteviol (0.2, 1.0, or 5.0 mg/kg/day) was orally administered for 7 days, with rosiglitazone maleate (5.0 mg/kg/day) used as the positive control. The levels of fasting serum glucose (FSG), fasting serum insulin (FSI), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and low density lipoprotein (LDL) in serum were assayed. Intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) was performed with serum glucose and insulin levels monitored. The effect of the supplement of palmitate in HFE on the activity of isosteviol was investigated. Ultrastructural changes in islet β-cells and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) mRNA expression profile were determined. Key findings: FSG, FSI, TC and LDL levels and insulin resistance index (IRI) were decreased and HDL level was increased by all doses of isosteviol. During IVGTT, serum glucose levels were decreased by isosteviol and no significant differences were observed in insulin release between isosteviol-treated and control groups. The effects of isosteviol were attenuated by palmitate. Damage to pancreatic islet cells was partially attenuated, and expression profile of hepatic PPARα mRNA was enhanced by isosteviol. Significance: Antihyperglycemic effects of isosteviol could enhance utilization of glucose in the periphery and reduce β-cell damage induced by dyslipidemia. Modulating-lipidemic effects of isosteviol might be related to the potential enhancement of liver PPARα mRNA expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-38
Number of pages9
JournalLife Sciences
Volume90
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hepatic PPARα
  • High-fat feeding
  • Insulin resistance
  • Isosteviol

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