The effect of densification on brown coal physical properties and its spontaneous combustion propensity

Mohammad Reza Parsa, Yoshimitsu Tsukasaki, Emily Perkins, Alan Chaffee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The process, where brown coal is extruded after mechanical kneading and then allowed to air dry slowly to form a product known as ‘densified coal’, was applied to reduce the moisture content of two Victorian brown coals. NaOH at different concentrations (0–1.5 M) was used as an additive in the kneading step. The spontaneous combustion propensity of the densified products was evaluated and compared against multiple physical properties and morphological features of materials. The densification process reduced the moisture content of the sample from around 60% to around 12%. NaOH addition led to a progressive reduction in the CO2 surface area, as well as the porosity determined by mercury intrusion, due to the development of a stronger electrostatic network within the coal structure. The reduced micropore volume limits the accessibility of O2 to internal surfaces of the coal leading to a significant increase in the critical ignition temperature (Tcr) measured by the wire basket test method. SEM imaging indicated that the coal particle surface changed from spongy and porous for nitrogen dried raw coal to very smooth and contiguous for densified coal. These trends also correlated with progressive reduction in the CO2 surface area, as well as the porosity determined by mercury intrusion porosimetry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-64
Number of pages11
JournalFuel
Volume193
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Brown coal
  • Densified coal
  • Lignite
  • Pore volume
  • Self-heating
  • Surface area

Cite this

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abstract = "The process, where brown coal is extruded after mechanical kneading and then allowed to air dry slowly to form a product known as ‘densified coal’, was applied to reduce the moisture content of two Victorian brown coals. NaOH at different concentrations (0–1.5 M) was used as an additive in the kneading step. The spontaneous combustion propensity of the densified products was evaluated and compared against multiple physical properties and morphological features of materials. The densification process reduced the moisture content of the sample from around 60{\%} to around 12{\%}. NaOH addition led to a progressive reduction in the CO2 surface area, as well as the porosity determined by mercury intrusion, due to the development of a stronger electrostatic network within the coal structure. The reduced micropore volume limits the accessibility of O2 to internal surfaces of the coal leading to a significant increase in the critical ignition temperature (Tcr) measured by the wire basket test method. SEM imaging indicated that the coal particle surface changed from spongy and porous for nitrogen dried raw coal to very smooth and contiguous for densified coal. These trends also correlated with progressive reduction in the CO2 surface area, as well as the porosity determined by mercury intrusion porosimetry.",
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The effect of densification on brown coal physical properties and its spontaneous combustion propensity. / Parsa, Mohammad Reza; Tsukasaki, Yoshimitsu; Perkins, Emily; Chaffee, Alan.

In: Fuel, Vol. 193, 01.04.2017, p. 54-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AB - The process, where brown coal is extruded after mechanical kneading and then allowed to air dry slowly to form a product known as ‘densified coal’, was applied to reduce the moisture content of two Victorian brown coals. NaOH at different concentrations (0–1.5 M) was used as an additive in the kneading step. The spontaneous combustion propensity of the densified products was evaluated and compared against multiple physical properties and morphological features of materials. The densification process reduced the moisture content of the sample from around 60% to around 12%. NaOH addition led to a progressive reduction in the CO2 surface area, as well as the porosity determined by mercury intrusion, due to the development of a stronger electrostatic network within the coal structure. The reduced micropore volume limits the accessibility of O2 to internal surfaces of the coal leading to a significant increase in the critical ignition temperature (Tcr) measured by the wire basket test method. SEM imaging indicated that the coal particle surface changed from spongy and porous for nitrogen dried raw coal to very smooth and contiguous for densified coal. These trends also correlated with progressive reduction in the CO2 surface area, as well as the porosity determined by mercury intrusion porosimetry.

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