The effect of compatibilization on the behavior of a polycarbonate/polymer liquid crystal blend

Michelle Singer, George P. Simon, Russell Varley, M. Rossella Nobile

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polymer liquid crystalline materials (PLC) blended with engineering plastics (EP) have the potential to reduce viscosity and increase the modulus of the EP, particularly if the PLC is in a favorable fibrillar morphology. A major deficiency in these blends - as with many other immiscible polymeric systems - is poor failure properties. In this paper, polycarbonate (PC) and a rigid, all-aromatic commercial PLC are blended and a third resin, a copolymer of methyl methacrylate and N-methyldimethyl-glutarimide is included as a compatibilizing agent. Characterization of the binary and ternary blends is carried out using Theological, mechanical, morphological, and dynamic mechanical characterization techniques. Binary blends of PLC in a PC matrix result in an immiscible, nodular morphology with low failure stresses. The addition of the copolymeric compatibilizer - particularly one with reactive functionalities - is found to improve tensile strength and yield a fibrillar blend morphology. It is proposed that this may be due to the compatibilizer reducing interfacial tension and adhering to the blend phases, rather than by causing a major change in blend viscosity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1038-1046
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

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