The effect of after-school classes on private tuition, mental health and academic outcomes: evidence from Korea

Daniel Carr, Liang Choon Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Using a natural experiment from South Korea’s high school equalisation policy area, we show that school-provided after-school classes reduce students’ time spent in private tuition and the associated household expenditure, as well as increase their likelihood of college attendance. Though high and low income groups use a different mix of unassisted study and private tuition to substitute for after-school class, both consume less private tuition as after-school class hours increase. Importantly, the likelihood of college attendance improves similarly for both high and low income groups. The findings suggest a role for after-school classes in improving the academic outcomes of students and reducing demand for private tuition, but their utility in reducing outcome inequality is less certain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)877-897
Number of pages21
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018


  • after-school classes
  • college attendance
  • equalisation policy
  • private tuition

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